Non-Cancerous Conditions & Health Info

Resources to health and wellness information by University of Colorado gynecologic oncologists

Non-cancerous conditions such as fibroids, cysts and tumors are very common and most women have them. Although benign conditions are not life-threatening, they have many of the same symptoms and sometimes require surgery as treatment.

As trained OB/GYNs, surgeons and oncologists, gynecologic oncologists specialize are especially equipped to diagnosis and treat these benign conditions as well as reproductive issues pregnancy complications.

Endometrial Polyps

Endometrial polyps are overgrowths of tissue cells in the lining of the uterus, which is the endometrium. They are most often benign, but they may be cancerous or develop into cancer.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids, which affect 20-80 percent of women, are smooth muscle tumors that form in the wall of the uterus and are almost always noncancerous.

Placenta Accreta

CU has a skilled team of surgeons to treat & manage placenta accreta, a high-risk pregnancy complication leading to severe blood loss and possibly preterm delivery.

Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is the abnormal growth of cells lining the cervix's surface. While not cancerous, severe dysplasia may lead to cancer if left untreated.


Endometriosis is a painful, chronic condition, affecting more than 5 million American women that can lead to infertility. Learn causes, symptoms & treatment.

Endometrial Hyperplasia

The most common symptom of endometrial hyperplasia is uterine bleeding and can lead to endometrial cancer. Learn about causes, risks & treatments.

Gestational Trophoblastic Disease

Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a group of diseases in which abnormal growths of tissue or tumors occur in the uterus. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments at University of Colorado Gynecologic Oncology.

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are harmless, fluid-filled growths in the ovary diagnosed during a pelvic exam or ultrasound. Treatment options vary & most naturally go away.

Ovarian Tumors

Ovarian tumors are slow-growing solid masses in or on a woman’s ovary. Ovarian tumors are most often benign; however, some types may develop into ovarian cancer if left untreated. Symptoms are rare and tumors are usually detected during a routine pelvic exam or Pap test.